LeopardBoy Posted September 24, 2017 Report Share Posted September 24, 2017 The festival calendar I follow is based on the Attic festival calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar used by the ancient Athenians to determine their holidays. The first thing to remember is that unlike today, when our day begins at midnight, the Attic day begins at sunset. This is important to keep in mind each year when I calculate my festival calendar, because the Attic day begins the night before the current day in the Gregorian calendar. Each Attic month begins with the first sighting of the crescent moon after the new moon. This day is referred to as Noumenia. The year begins with the first Noumenia after the summer solstice. Tying the cycle of lunar months to a fixed point in the solar year allows for each month to fit somewhat within a certain season, with some variation. There are typically twelve Attic lunar months, listed here in order: Hekatombaion Metageitnion Boedromion Pyanepsion Maimakterion Poseideon Gamelion Anthesterion Elaphebolion Mounikhion Thargelion Skirophorion Because a cycle of twelve lunar months is eleven days short of a solar year, there is a thirteenth intercalated month about every three years. This extra month is a repeat of the sixth month in early winter, known as Poseideon Beta, also rendered Poseideon B or Poseideon 2 in modern calculations of the calendar. Because the moon orbits the earth in 29.5 days, each Attic lunar month has either 29 or 30 days. The months with 30 days are called full, and the months with 29 days are called hollow. Each full month is further divided into three "weeks" of ten days, or in the case of hollow months, two ten-day weeks and a third week of nine days. The last day of each Attic month, when the moon is dark, is called Hene Kai Nea, which translates to "the old and the new." A cycle of four Attic years is grouped as an Olympiad, which corresponds to the four-year cycle of the Pan-Hellenic Olympic Games. Quote Link to comment
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