Report What Does "Liberal" Truly Mean? in Philosophy & Theory Posted May 11, 2012 I somehow can not wrap my head around how a liberal can possibly be a libertarian. The two are poles apart. Ron Paul is a libertarian. He has never, ever been accused of being liberal. He is so conservative that the tea party thinks he is too conservative.You're thinking of the U.S. Libertarians. Libertarian means, for all intents and purposes, anarchist and has a broad spectrum of meanings. For example, as an anarcho-communist I fall under the umbrella of libertarian socialist.